News & Views

COP21 climate agreement in Paris -­ as good as it looks?

by Kelly Reichel

COP21 what was decided and what can we do?

 cop21 2015 paris

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For the last 20 years, sInce the first UN climate conference in Berlin (COP1) in 1995, there has been much hope that world leaders could figure out a solution to the severe climate problems of our planet when they all come together at the yearly conference. And every year, before the conference takes place, there are people who remind us that this time it counts, that there urgently needs to be drastic change to stop our planet from heating up and that the decisions made at this conference must really support this change. So once again at the end of 2015 climate activists reminded the public and those in power how important this conference was through creative direct actions and huge protest movements. But what were the results?



The outcomes of the COP21 in Paris have been celebrated by the major media outlets and many politicians as a historic event. The 2015 Paris Pact is the first legally binding agreement between all 195 UN members, which set as its main goals the reduction of emissions to keep global warming under 2Ccompared to pre­industrial levels. Sounds great, however, the reality is quite a lot more challenging.



First of all, the agreement is not actually as binding as it sounds. One of the core ideas, vital to the goal of keeping global warming under 2C, is to reduce greenhouse emissions, unfortunately, the agreement made is only partially binding: while countries have to commit to a reduction, the amount to be reduced can be chosen by each individual country, in the form of voluntary pledges. This voluntary pledge system was agreed in favour of countries who's economies depend on fossil fuel-fired industry. The USA, India and China, feared that reducing emissions could slow down their economic development. On top of this, the agreement lacks a control mechanism to check if countries actually stick to their goals and no system of punishment in place in case they don’t.

Secondly, these pledges will not come into force before 2020, which means that the next 4 years will continue to contribute to global warming, and many of them are not as ambitious as they would have to be to achieve the goal of staying below 1.5 ­ 2 C. The Director of the Centre for International Climate and Energy Policy, Steffen Kallbekken, claims that



By the time the pledges come into force in 2020, we will probably have used the entire carbon budget consistent with 1.5°C warming. If we stick with the INDCs (‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions’) we will have warming between 2.7°C and 3.7°C.’ SK, source New Internationalist


For many people, for example, inhabitants of small islands in the Pacific,  everything above 1.5C is already life­ threatening and will make their homes uninhabitable. Environmental organisation Friends of the Earth responded to the final agreement as follows:



Responsibility and compensation for the cost of climate disasters are excluded from the agreements. This is more a curse than a blessing for poor countries, who will have to bear the cost of climate change ­related disasters such as floods, desertification or droughts.” source Aseed


Thirdly, the Paris agreement does not even mention some of the most pressing problems that need to be talked about and changed fundamentally if we want to keep global warming to a minimum. Decarbonisation is a great goal but it has to include tackling issues like the burning of fossil fuels, the growing consumption of meat and dairy products globally escalating methane emissions, or deforestation. However, there is little talk of any of these problems in the Paris agreement and the words “fossil fuels” or “agriculture” are conspicuous in their absence. If we want the globe to stop heating up, we need to change everything from food production to the transport system to the economic organisation of our society. Unfortunately, the outcome of the COP21 seems to suggest that the way to go is business as usual.


All this goes to show that we can’t continue hoping for those in power to fix the problem on our behalf. We need to create change ourselves.

Ben, a Brightonian, who cycled to Paris in December with Climate action network explains:


We knew the agreement made at COP21 wouldn't be anywhere near what we need to keep below 2 degrees warming, but what surprised me was that the little that got into the media, and reports from the NGO's seemed to proclaim it as a triumph.


It's challenging to see where the triumph lies, or even to see much of an improvement from the situation pre­-COP21. What it means is that we have to stop relying on politicians and business for a sustainable future and that the struggle for climate change continues. It also means that it is to each and everyone of us to take action, collectively, creating local, community ­based alternatives to the current system, and individually, even if it is only small things like riding the bike more often or having a meat-­free diet.


If you would like information on how to lower your carbon footprint we have lots of information available here and at the centre itself. To start a carbon conversation or to find out more about our work around climate change please email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Views: Local MPs on UK intervention in Syria

On Wednesday the 2nd of December Parliament voted in favour of the Government’s motion to launch air strikes on Syria with the purpose of fighting the terrorist organisation ISIS/ISIL/Daesh.

We asked local MPs for their views 


By Kelly Reichel

Peter Kyle, MP for Hove (Labour), has voted for the air strikes. He sent us a statement, which also went out on Facebook soon after the result of the vote.In this statement he justifies backing the Government’s motion with the argument of the urgency of regaining power over the areas controlled by Daesh, to help “reclaim [the Syrians’] land for them and then support them in rebuilding their country”. Military action, in his opinion, was the quickest way to achieve this outcome:

“Many of the people who oppose use of air strikes point to arms sales to the area, funding for Daesh particularly from Saudi Arabia, and bringing Russia and Turkey to the negotiating table rather than acting independently. All of these are so important to the long term stability of the country and region. I came to the conclusion though that even if we could have these things it would not achieve the transformation we need swiftly enough to not only halt Daesh but liberate the Syrian people who suffer their rule.” 

Besides his strong belief that air strikes in Syria would liberate the Syrian people (instead of possibly causing them even more suffering) he also apologised to his supporters about his decision and explained why he acted against the wish of the majority of his voters:

“Because the majority sentiment here on Facebook was opposed I know that many of you feel that I didn’t listen or should have acted on that. All I can say is that I’m sorry if this damages the trust many of you have placed in me.” 

“The only way I could have truly let you down is if my heart told me one thing and I voted differently because I was too scared to take a different view to many of the people here I’ve grown to like so much. The issue being voted on is bigger than that and you deserve better than to have an MP that would put politics before when he believes to be right.”

Interesting standpoint, considering that Kyle’s place in a representative democracy is supposed to be exactly what he thinks it is not: to be a representative of his voters.

Caroline Lucas, MP for Brighton Pavilion and the Green Party, voted against the air strikes. She told us that in her opinion “dropping bombs makes matters worse in the long term”, pointing to lessons we should have learnt from the past and how Western bombing of Syria confirms ISIS’/ISIL’s/Daesh’s narrative, by creating precisely the war of the West against Islam that the terrorist organisation wants. Lucas explains that instead of dropping bombs there need to be alternative measures to create long-term stability and peace in the region. She suggests diplomatic measures, stopping the sale of arms to repressive regimes and a consistent foreign policy. Her rejection of the governmental decision is clear:

I have yet to hear anyone make a convincing case for dropping bombs on Syria or for adding to the misery of the civilian population. Caroline Lucas

Lastly, Simon Kirby, Conservative MP for Brighton Kemptown, did not feel like getting back to us at all. As a Government whip Kirby voted in line with the Prime Minister’s proposal for air strikes in Syria. On his homepage we can read a short statement in which he explains that attacking the headquarters of ISIS is the best measure to ensure security for British civilians and avoid more terror attacks in the Western world. While he does not mention how the aims of air strikes in the region could be of help to the Syrian people and create peace in the area, at least he lets us know that British military capabilities “minimise civilian casualties”. Well, then there’s nothing to worry about, or is there?


A conversation with Yellow Bear Wears

Alice Doyle08.2015The C-side Challenge

As part of our theme for the C-Side Challenge we spoke to innovative up-cycler Yellow Bear Wears.

What inspired you to create Yellow Bear Wears?

Growing up the slogan: ‘reduce, re-use, recycle’ was followed with much enthusiasm, in fact I remember always having random things used for different purposes once reaching their ‘end-life’. For instance when my shoes no longer fit they became plant pots in the garden, my mums laddered tights became supports for plants to grow up, any copper pipes my dad came across became frames for his beloved tomatoes to thrive in, complete with unusable taps attached! This ethos of re-using and upcycling inspired me from a young age, whilst at school my design projects included: a sofa-bed frame made of discarded wooden pallets, a clock made from old CD’s and a candle holder made of bent forks!

Having come from this sort of background it is embedded in me to upcycle and re-use, my jewellery follows that trend and I am inspired by finding new materials that I can try to find a use for, my newest experiments involve recycling bicycle inner tubes.

How do you source your materials?
I love hunting for knitting needles, I find them at boot sales, charity shops and occasionally through ebay. I am also given needles that are no longer being used, people can’t find a use for them as plastic knitting needles are not very practical for knitting with!

Why knitting needles?
I love the fact that knitting needles are probably one of the last materials you would expect to be used for jewellery, the surreal juxtapositions created by re-using and upcycling excite me and I’m still not bored of finding new things I can make with my needles!

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Reclaim The Beats - 23rd Oct 2015

The Brighton Social Forum and Reclaim the Beats; An eclectic evening of Eco-politics, Spoken Word, Live Music and D.J’s.

The Brighton Social Forum returns to the Synergy Centre on Friday October 23rd from 7.30 – 9pm with debate and discussion around environmental politics. The energy demands of modern society are increasingly outstripping the availability of ‘conventional’ oil and gas. The time seems ripe for ditching dirty fuel in favour of investment in renewable energy but is this the direction we are going in? Governments the world over seem hell bent on exploiting ‘unconventional’ oil and gas resources via Fracking and other highly contentious methods but the movement against this and in favour of ‘green’ energy is rapidly growing. In this month’s Social Forum our ‘pro-fracking’ compere will try to convince our panel that oil and gas is the fuel of the future but our panel may have something to say about that. Guests include Beki Adam (Frack Free Sussex) Duncan Blinkhorn (COP21 Bike Train), Will Cottrell (Brighton Energy Co-op), Lorraine Inglis (Campaigner and Activist), Jamie Kelsey – Fry (New Internationalist) and BP or not BP?
But that’s just the start of the evening; Reclaim the Beats is a party with a purpose; following from the Social Forum we have a diverse evening of entertainment with Spoken Word performance and comedy from those naughty ‘actor-vists’ BP or not BP? and Geoff Winde (Money is as Innocent as the Gun), live music from Ratbag and Ilodica & King Bracket ….and freaking funky beats from Radio 4A. As the old saying goes, “It ain’t my revolution if I can’t dance’. The evening will also host a photographic exhibition featuring the work of Denise Felkin and Jeff Pitcher, 2 photographers spreading the anti-fracking message via their cameras. Food / snacks will also be available.
Tickets are £5 in advance / concs or £7 on the door. Available at or visit Twisted Rainbow Designs at The Open Market, London Rd. All proceeds to Brighton Action Against Fracking and Radio 4A indymedia. For more information and full schedule please go to and FB ‘Reclaim the Beats’.

Join the Garage Sale Trial

Alice Doyle08.2015

A firm fixture we have in our C-Side challenge events diary, is the UK’s first Garage Sale Trail, taking place on Saturday 26th September in Brighton & Hove, as well as Todmorden in Yorkshire and Hackney, London.

The Garage Sale Trail will create a huge one day market to enable everyone in the city an opportunity to have a de-clutter, grab some bargains and raise a bit of cash for themselves or a cause.  The city wide Garage Sale aims to inspire reuse, giving, enterprise and boost the community spirit.

It’s also easy and free to take part – you just have to register your intent to run a Garage Sale in advance of September 26th, list your items or categories of goods you’ll have on offer – you can upload some pics for extra oomph – and it’s possible to pledge donations from your Garage Sale takings to a favourite charity, cause or project. A great way to support your community and clear some clutter too!

Schools, residents, community venues, independent businesses, charities, buildings, community projects, artists and makers can all register to hold a Garage Sale.  All the Garage Sales are mapped and listed on the Garage Trail website and will be shared via social media and to local press  – driving customers to your very own private ‘boot market’ on September 26th!

Brighton Freegle is curating local artists, teachers, designers, business owners, innovators and more to be a major part of the Garage Sale Trail. Others already signed up include the innovative MakerClub who teach children to build robots amongst other exciting things; local award-winning designer and Sussex University lecturer Claire Potter; the Brighton Peace and Environment Centre; Richard Grills, owner of The Marwood café and Presuming Ed’s Coffee House; and the team behind the fantastic community extravaganza’s Cook The Rabbit Events.
For locals you will see that the Garage Sale Trail is a similar model to other city wide events like Artist Open Houses, Garden Gad About or Eco Open Houses – it’s a fun way to meet the neighbours, have some fun and explore the city…..and prevent waste!

To find out more and to register your own Garage Sale see HERE.

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